Have All Countries Signed the Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is a historic environmental accord that was adopted by 196 countries in 2015 during the United Nations Climate Change Conference. The goal of the agreement is to limit global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It was a landmark international agreement, with the vast majority of the world`s countries committing to take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change. But have all countries signed the Paris Agreement?

As of August 2021, 191 countries have signed the Paris Agreement, including the United States. However, four countries have yet to sign the agreement. These countries are Iran, Iraq, Eritrea, and Turkey. While they have not signed the agreement, it is worth noting that all four countries have submitted their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which detail their plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, Iraq and Turkey have indicated that they plan to sign the agreement in the future.

It is important to note that signing the Paris Agreement is only the first step. Countries must also ratify the agreement, which means they must take the necessary steps to make the agreement legally binding within their national laws and policies. So far, 189 countries have ratified the agreement, including the United States, China, India, and the European Union. The only countries that have signed but not ratified the agreement are Angola, South Sudan, Eritrea, and Yemen.

The Paris Agreement is a critical international accord that aims to address the pressing issue of climate change. Its success depends on the commitment and action of all countries, and it is encouraging to see that the vast majority of the world`s nations have signed and ratified the agreement. While there are still a few countries that have yet to sign or ratify the agreement, the fact that they have submitted their NDCs is a positive sign that they are taking the issue of climate change seriously. It is up to all of us to work together to ensure that the goals of the Paris Agreement are achieved and that we leave a habitable planet for future generations.

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